Heath is wealth! In terms of health, bulldogs are prone to numerous issues. Let’s take a look at why they are called bulldogs and what led to their numerous health issues.
Why are they called Bulldogs?
The bulldog breed was originally a breed used for bull baiting, a cruel and inhumane sport practiced before the 18th century. The practice gave the dog its aggressive and energetic attributes. In the 18th century, humans sought to tame the aggressive character of bulldogs which led to different cross-breeding practices. Over the years, the bulldogs became a loving companion, which is how they are known today, after a series of cross-breeding. This achievement came at the expense of the bulldog’s health conditions.
What kind of health issues do Bulldogs have?
After the successful change in temperament of the Bulldog over the years, Bulldogs came to suffer from dozens of health conditions. Some of the most common health problems for Bulldogs include:
- Major respiratory problems
- Skin allergies
- Eczema, dry skin and acne
- Degenerative spine disease
- Cherry eye
- Hip Dysplasia
- Joint and ligament injuries
- Idiopathic head tremors
- Vomiting and regurgitation
- Fold dermatitis
- Heart disease
- Highest cancer rate in any dog breed.
The Bulldogs are a special breed of dogs who require maximum love and attention. In this article, you will learn more about the most common conditions in order to provide your beloved pet the best life he/she may have.
Cherry eye is specifically a prolapsed nictitating membrane. This is when a dog’s third eyelid extends from the eye. It is common among young bulldogs. If left untreated, it may lead to other complications.
The dog breed is prone to skin inflammation also known as skin fold dermatitis due to rubbing of skin and the presence of moisture in the tail, lip, and facial folds. Dermatitis is identified as a hairless, reddened, and bad smell of the areas of the folded skin.
Over the years, bulldogs remain an indoor dog and cannot be left alone outside for long. The high heat sensitivity is a result of their breathing issues. Although they cannot do rigorously long exercises, they can still be taken for daily walks.
Hip and Elbow Dysplasia
The hip and elbow dysplasia are defined as the malformation of the elbow and hip joints respectively. These conditions may cause difficulty rising, pain, decreased activities, and reluctance to run. To prevent joint diseases, it is essential to keep your dog at a healthy weight by feeding your dog with the appropriate amount of calories. Although Bulldogs are not active dogs, they should still be taken on a regular walk when the weather is cool and not too hot.
Brachycephalic Airway syndrome
From the name of the syndrome, “Brachy” means “Shortened” and “Cephalic” means “head”. This syndrome is common in bulldogs due to the shorten bones of the faces and nose which led to the alteration of the anatomy and relationship with other soft tissue structures. Because of their short nose and narrow nostrils, the bulldogs are prone to breathing problems, chronic discomfort, panting and difficulty eating. This can be managed if the dog is kept at a healthy weight. A healthy weight is vital in preventing breathing problems. Other options to consider in managing the syndrome include keeping the dog in an air-conditioned place during hot weather and avoiding stress.
A wrong diet can also be harmful to the bulldog’s health and may cause:
- Skin rashes
- Tear stains
- Stomach aches
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder
Although Bulldogs are prone to many health issues, a good diet, healthy exercise, and overall taking good care of your Bulldog can help prevent numerous issues and will help in giving them a healthy, happy life.
Edited by: Ayelen Sforni
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